Hawaii eases travel restrictions; Facebook to encourage flu shots; 38M global cases; 215K US deaths

Travelers planning a trip to Hawaii will no longer have to quarantine for 14 days if they tested negative for the coronavirus at least 72 hours before their departure from the mainland, starting Thursday.

What is R-0 and why is it so important in the fight against coronavirus?



“I want people to come if they are fully prepared to test, know that they are healthy and are prepared to wear a mask,” said Lt. Gov. Josh Green, who has taken a leading role in developing the Safe Travels program that was postponed after a spike in coronavirus cases.

Meanwhile, in Iowa, about 10,000 people are expected to show up at President Donald Trump’s rally at the Des Moines International Airport on Wednesday, defying advice from White House experts on limiting social gatherings to 25 people in a “yellow zone” for transmission of the virus.

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Some significant developments:

a group of people on a dirt road: A sign requiring face masks is posted on Monday as people walk inside Bob's Pumpkin Patch in Half Moon Bay, Calif.

© Jeff Chiu, AP
A sign requiring face masks is posted on Monday as people walk inside Bob’s Pumpkin Patch in Half Moon Bay, Calif.

📈 Today’s numbers: The U.S. has reported more than 7.8 million cases and 215,000 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins data. There have been more than 38 million confirmed cases around the world and 1 million deaths.

🗺️ Mapping coronavirus: Track the U.S. outbreak, state by state.

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Experts: COVID-fueled stress eating will add to childhood obesity struggles

Pediatricians and public health experts predict a potentially dramatic increase in childhood obesity this year as months of pandemic eating, closed schools, stalled sports and public space restrictions extend indefinitely.

About one in seven children have met the criteria for childhood obesity since 2016, when the federal National Survey of Children’s Health changed its methodology, a report out Wednesday by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation found. While the percentage of children considered obese declined slightly in the last 10 years, it is expected to jump in 2020.

“We were making slow and steady progress until this,” said Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, a Northwestern University economist and professor. “It’s likely we will have wiped out a lot of the progress that we’ve made over the last decade in childhood obesity.”

The trend, already seen in pediatric offices, is especially concerning as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention this week expanded its definition of those at elevated risk of severe COVID-19 disease and death to include people with a body mass index of between 25 and 30. Previously, only those with a BMI 30 and higher were included. That could mean 72% of all Americans are at higher risk of severe disease based only on their weight.

– Jayne O’Donnell and Adrianna Rodriguez

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi spar with CNN’s Wolf Blitzer over stimulus aid

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., called CNN anchor Wolf

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As Coronavirus Infections Rise in Europe, So Do Travel Restrictions

Even as the thicket of travel restrictions across Europe grows, the European Union is seeking support for a coordinated regionwide approach that would make it easier for potential travelers to understand the increasingly complex rules.

Brussels is proposing common criteria and thresholds for deciding on travel restrictions and a system that uses a color-coded map to indicate the infection levels in various countries. EU officials will discuss the proposals this week at a summit.

Any such program would be voluntary, as decisions on Covid-19 travel restrictions are the purview of the individual countries.

The loosening of travel restrictions this summer helped Europe’s economy and partly saved the tourism season that is critical in countries such as Spain.


emilio naranjo/EPA/Shutterstock

EU leaders are anxious to make travel restrictions easier to understand because the confusing patchwork of restrictions has kept some potential travelers from crossing borders, hindering the rebound of the region’s economy.

Other regions also are grasping for ways to open at least limited travel without causing infections to rise. Asian governments have been engaged in long, complex negotiations to establish travel corridors between their countries, but the talks have foundered in many cases over details such as testing and quarantine protocols. U.S. officials are looking for a way to open travel between New York and London, a key tourism and business route.

The loosening of restrictions this summer helped Europe’s economy and partly saved the tourism season that is critical in countries such as Italy and Spain. But it also contributed to a sizable jump in the number of infections. Countries such as the U.K., France and Spain are now logging confirmed infections close to or above last spring’s numbers. Testing, however, is far more extensive now and is capturing more infections than during the first wave.

Ups and Downs

Infection rates vary widely in Europe, creating a challenge for policy makers.

14-day cumulative number of Covid-19 cases per 100,000 people for select countries

Air travel in Europe began to rebound in June with the lifting of national lockdowns. The travel recovery peaked in mid-August for most countries and since then has dropped sharply. According to data from Citigroup, the number of flights within Europe in the week to Oct. 4 was almost two-thirds lower than the same period last year, compared with drops of 46% in the U.S. and 33% in the Asia Pacific region.

Most of Europe is still off-limits to tourists arriving from the U.S., though in many countries, including Italy and France, exchange students are allowed. They must quarantine upon arrival.

The efforts to identify and quarantine infected people upon arrival might be futile as many experts say the most of current transmission isn’t due to cross-border travelers and is instead linked to socializing by young people and large gatherings such as weddings.

“Restricting arrivals from abroad isn’t an effective containment method when you have a rampant pandemic like we are seeing right now in most of Europe and the rest the world,” said Enrico

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